There are multiple options when choosing suitable flooring for a chicken run. If the run is on a lawn and portable, it can be moved around the garden once an area has become worn, allowing the grass to recover. A run that remains in one position, or where there is no lawn, may become a bit of a quagmire after some rain, making it difficult to clean and giving the poor chickens very muddy feet and legs. We’ve taken a look at few of the options that are widely used:
- Wood Chippings
- Pea Gravel
- Wood Shavings
Coarse sand is relatively inexpensive and droppings are easy to clean from it, most simply by using a cat litter scoop. Some of the sand can wash away, or get into the soil below, unless contained, but as the sand disperses it can be topped up. Many chicken keepers swear by sand as an easy option and rake the droppings into the sand rather than ‘poop scoop’ so that they break down over time, then they remove the top layer every six months and top it up; however, some keepers complain that in uncovered runs sand works into the mud too easily if a thin layer is used and is easily dragged around on wet shoes or wellies, so the use of sand is a little divided.
Wood chippings are becoming increasingly popular due the clean, light appearance, free drainage, being almost dust-free and most importantly, chickens love to scratch around in them!
Wood chippings, or play chips as they are sometimes known, are easily cleaned and not quickly trampled into the mud; one of the key reasons they are used in animal enclosures and hen runs is that they are excellent at preventing muddy feet.
Wood chippings are natural and will eventually break down over a long period of time so just need a top up once or twice a year depending upon the depth they’ve been laid. If the chicken run is relocated the chippings can simply be dug into the soil (if the chippings are not being moved too) as they will break down over time and provide nutrients to the soil.
Wood chips are the white wood of the tree and shouldn’t be confused with bark chips; bark chips/mulch should not be used in runs or enclosures as it can go mouldy and produce spores which can lead to respiratory illness in chickens. It is advisable to rake or turn wood chips from time to time, especially in damp areas, to avoid the potential for mould development.
A rounded gravel such as pea gravel can be used, but we wouldn’t recommend using weed membrane underneath. Droppings will be washed through to the bottom by the rain or trampled in which can become quite smelly; it is far better to allow water free drainage through to the soil below. Some chicken-keepers have commented that their chickens don’t like walking on pea gravel, but it is a longer lasting option to wood products – especially if there are no plans to reposition the run.
Wood Shavings or Straw
Wood shavings and straw are both great beddings for chicken coops, but when used as a flooring in an uncovered run, wood shavings and straw can become soggy and work into the ground fairly quickly making the run difficult to clean; that’s if they don’t blow away first!
Finding the best flooring can be a little bit of ‘trial and error’ as it’s not only about what we humans would prefer to use but also about the chickens’ wellbeing and comfort. The most important things to remember when trying to avoid a muddy run, are to ensure it isn’t located at the bottom of a slope, try to make the area as level as possible and whether using wood chips, sand, gravel or another option, be sure that the flooring is free draining.
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